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Joshua Street

Monthly Market Commentary


Source: Morningstar Direct daily total return data for SPY, EFA, EEM, AGG, TIP, DBC, GLD, & ICF


October was another strong month for equities, generally speaking, as they continued their run up.  Although they continue to keep reaching new tops, it appears that the positive momentum signals may be decelerating slightly.  Considering that this year has been characterized by unprecedented low volatility and markets that continue to make higher highs, the currently high momentum can only be sustained if markets proceed with very strong returns month after month – which we know is inherently unsustainable.  The only asset class that had increasing strength of momentum during October was Commodities, which actually shifted from a previously negative momentum into positive territory due to the solid performance experienced since June of this year.


Source: Morningstar Direct daily total return data for SPY, EFA, EEM, AGG, TIP, DBC, GLD, & ICF


Although momentum has been quite strong for equities, it’s possible that the technical signals may shift more in line with the fundamentals in the coming months.  Most asset classes have been richly valued over the past few years, but they continue to become more expensive and there will eventually be a tipping point.  Based on the forward looking real return expectations of GMO and Research Affiliates, which take into account elements of reverting to mean valuations and both yield and growth for each of the asset classes over the coming full market cycle (7-10 years), there are two key observations to be made:

  1. In absolute terms, future expected returns are much lower than what we have historically experienced, especially compared to the rosy returns of the recent past ten years.
  2. In relative terms, international markets (especially EM) offer better investment opportunities than domestic equities.


Source: GMO 7-Year Asset Class Real Return Forecasts as of 9/30/2017, Research Affiliates Asset Allocation Interactive Data as of 10/31/2017


It’s useful to consider how future returns are expected to be muted compared to the long-term returns experienced in each of these asset classes; however, that is mostly useful from a planning perspective to make sure your individual goals can still be accomplished given a lower-return environment.  The relative return expectations are much more useful when considering your optimal asset mix within your investment portfolio.  For instance, noticing that US equities are significantly overvalued and pose a serious potential risk within your portfolio – expected to barely beat inflation at best, or possibly some significant drawdowns in the near-term at worst – it would probably be prudent to shift a portion of your allocation that would normally be in US equities into other asset classes that may have less risk of poor performance in the coming years.  Also, even if you don’t change your target allocation much or at all, it probably makes sense to rebalance your portfolio to target to reduce positions that have experienced outsized growth recently and represent a larger than intended portion of the portfolio’s risk profile.  Just remember that following a repeatable process for making allocation decisions is key here, so that you can use the relevant data in meaningful ways to reduce risk in your portfolio over the long-term.

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The commentary on this website reflects the personal opinions, viewpoints and analyses of Joshua Street and should not be regarded as a description of services provided by his employer or its affiliates. The opinions expressed in this website are for general informational purposes only and are not intended to provide specific advice or recommendations for any individual or on any specific security. It is only intended to provide general education about the financial industry. The views reflected in the commentary are subject to change at any time without notice. Nothing on this website constitutes investment advice, performance data or any recommendation that any particular security, portfolio of securities, transaction or investment strategy is suitable for any specific person. Any mention of a particular security and related performance data is not a recommendation to buy or sell that security. Any indices referenced for comparison are unmanaged and cannot be invested into directly. Investments in securities involve the risk of loss. Past performance is no guarantee of future results.